Children and Youth
Active for Life: What is Physical Literacy? Physical literacy is when kids have developed the skills, confidence, and love of movement to be physically active for life.
Active for Life: Dance and physical literacy: The link between rhythm and movement “Together with gymnastics, dance is probably one of the most comprehensive representations of physical literacy that we can imagine. If you dance — even badly — you are exercising many of the physical capacities and movement skills that form the basis for movement competency in all areas of life” (excerpt from “Dance and physical literacy” article).
PHE Canada: What is a quality dance program? A quality dance education program is a positive component of the school environment that enriches the physical education and arts education programs. Dance education that is developmentally appropriate and culturally sensitive empowers students as they acquire diverse skills and an understanding of physical literacy and aesthetic literacy while meeting provincial curriculum standards and outcomes (PHE Canada Dance Program Advisory Committee, February, 2013).
Ophea: Get Students Active with Dance! Dance plays an important part of a balanced Physical Education curriculum because it lets students experience cultures from around the world, work in groups with others to achieve different types of ‘challenges’ (e.g. creating a dance), learn social skills that they will use in life (think weddings, proms and talent shows), make community connections, and learn about body movement while being motivated by the power of music!
Adults and Seniors
Bar, R. J., & DeSouza, J. F. (2016). Tracking plasticity: Effects of long-term rehearsal in expert dancers encoding music to movement. PloS one, 11(1), e0147731.
Hackney, M. E., & Earhart, G. M. (2010). Effects of dance on gait and balance in Parkinson’s disease: a comparison of partnered and nonpartnered dance movement. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 24(4), 384-392.
Houston, S., & McGill, A. (2013). A mixed-methods study into ballet for people living with Parkinson's. Arts & health, 5(2), 103-119.
Keogh, J. W., Kilding, A., Pidgeon, P., Ashley, L., & Gillis, D. (2009). Physical benefits of dancing for healthy older adults: a review. Journal of Aging & Physical Activity, 17(4).
Krampe, J., Wagner, J. M., Hawthorne, K., Sanazaro, D., Wong-Anuchit, C., Budhathoki, C. …, & Raaf, S. (2014). Does dance-based therapy increase gait speed in older adults with chronic lower extremity pain: A feasibility study. Geriatric Nursing, 35(5), 339-344.
Marks, R. (2005). Dance-based exercise and Tai Chi and their benefits for people with arthritis: a review. Health Education, 105(5), 374-391.
Moffet, H., Noreau, L., Parent, É., & Drolet, M. (2000). Feasibility of an eight‐week dance‐based exercise program and its effects on locomotor ability of persons with functional class III rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care & Research, 13(2), 100-111.
Shanahan, Joanne, Meg E. Morris, Orfhlaith Ni Bhriain, Jean Saunders, and Amanda M. Clifford. "Dance for people with Parkinson disease: what is the evidence telling us?" Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 96, no. 1 (2015): 141-153.
Uusi‐Rasi, K., Sievänen, H., Vuori, I., Heinonen, A., Kannus, P., Pasanen, M., ... & Oja, P. (1999). Long‐Term Recreational Gymnastics, Estrogen Use, and Selected Risk Factors for Osteoporotic Fractures. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 14(7), 1231-1238.
Verghese, J. (2006). Cognitive and mobility profile of older social dancers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 54(8), 1241-1244.
Zhang, J. G., Ishikawa-Takata, K., Yamazaki, H., Morita, T., & Ohta, T. (2008). Postural stability and physical performance in social dancers. Gait & posture, 27(4), 697-701.